Classic Symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes Mellitus DiagnosisClassic Symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus
All types of diabetes mellitus had similar symptoms and complications at the advanced level. But there are three classic symptoms that could be a marker of diabetes. Three classic symptoms are polyuria (excessive passage of urine), polydipsia (abnormal thirst) and polyphagia (pathological desire to eat). Those initial symptoms related to direct effects of blood sugar levels that are high.

If blood sugar levels reach to above 160-180 mg / dL, the glucose will be up to the urine. If then reach its higher levels, the kidneys remove extra water to dilute a large number of glucose that was lost.

Because the kidneys produce urine in excessive amounts, then the patient often urinate in significant amounts (polyuria). As the result, then the sufferer feel excessive thirst that make them need so much to drink (polydipsia). A large number of calories lost into the urine, patients experienced weight loss. To compensate for these problem, patients often feel tremendous hunger that make them eat so much food (polyphagia).

Other symptoms are blurred vision, dizziness, nausea and decreased endurance during exercise. Patients with poorly controlled diabetes are more susceptible to infection. Because of the severe lack of insulin, so before undergoing several treatments, patients with type I diabetes is almost always lose their weight. But for the majority of type II diabetics do not experience weight loss.

The main factor of Diabetes mellitus is the lack of production of insulin (diabetes mellitus type 1, the first known), or less sensitive of human body's tissues to insulin (diabetes mellitus type 2, a more general form).

In addition, there are types of diabetes mellitus are also caused by insulin resistance that occurs in pregnant women. Type 1 requires insulin injections, while type 2 treated with oral medication and needs insulin only if the medicine is not effective. Diabetes mellitus in pregnancy usually resolves itself after delivery.

Understanding and participation of patients is very important because blood glucose levels continue to change, because the success of keeping blood sugar within normal limits may prevent the complications of diabetes.

Other factors that may reduce complications are: stop smoking, optimizing cholesterol levels, maintain a stable body weight, controlling high blood pressure and blood sugar levels, and regular exercise.

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» Classic Symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus Three classic symptoms are polyuria (excessive passage of urine), polydipsia (abnormal thirst) and polyphagia (pathological desire to eat).
» History of Insulin Discovery Sir Frederick Grant Banting, discoverer of insulin (the controller of the metabolism of sugar), was born November 14, 1891, in Alliston, Ontario, Canada.
» How to Diagnose Diabetes Mellitus A simple urine test can diagnose diabetes if there is glucose present in the urine. However, the best way to diagnose it is by a 2-hour glucose tolerance test.